TOP-10 development frameworks for Java
The frameworks allow you to build applications quickly, easily and efficiently, as well as use ready-made code snippets, eliminating the need to write it from scratch. Their choice of the variety depends on the needs of a particular project. We prepared a selection of 10 frameworks for Java-programmers and developers.
1. Spring Framework
Spring is one of the most popular Java frameworks. It is preferred by most developers in this language, including due to the possibility of introducing dependencies.
Spring is ideal for creating enterprise applications and configuration models based on Java. It allows developers to focus on the business logic of the application. Closely related to the Spring Boot framework.
PrimeFaces is among the best lightweight Java frameworks. It can be downloaded in one .jar-file. PriemFaces has existed for many years and serves as a UI framework for the JavaServer Faces and Java EE specifications. It also has more than 100 components, among the key components – client-side validation and tools for touchscreen smartphones.
Blade is a lightweight, Java 8-based MVC framework. It is simple and includes a RESTful router interface. It also belongs to the few Java frameworks that lack intrusive interceptors. By “lightness” is meant a small source code that does not exceed 500 Kb.
To use Blade, you need to create a typical Maven project. The framework supports modularity in Java 9, as well as a large number of Java web components.
Dropwizard is a powerful Java framework highly optimized for developing RESTful services. It is also ideal for writing microservices in this language and gives easy access to all powerful Java libraries, such as Google Guava, Jetty server, Hibernate Validator, Logback, Joda Time, and also Jackson for handling JSON files. JSON eliminates the need to write code for metrics and configurations, allowing you to focus on application functionality.
Dropwizard helps to achieve maximum productivity in the development. A nice bonus – understandable for beginners documentation.
5. Google Web Toolkit (GWT)
The framework includes a number of unique features, such as UI abstraction, cross-browser compatibility, and internationalization.
6. JavaServer Faces (JSF)
The JavaServer Faces MVC framework appeared 14 years ago. It simplifies the development of user interfaces for web applications. The most remarkable feature of this framework is that the UI components built in it can be reused for other web pages. As templates in JSF uses Facelets.
JHipster is a relatively young framework released in 2013. It combines Spring Boot, Angular and React in one great framework. With it, you can easily build a modern web application in Java.
Spring Boot integration allows you to create applications based on the Spring framework. In addition to Angular and React, JHipster also uses Bootstrap. In addition, JHipster provides two types of architectures: monolithic or microservice. In the first case, the frontend and backend are implemented in a single application, in the second – separately.
8. Spark Framework
Spark is the best choice for programmers developing web applications in Java. It can quickly and easily build a backend sites. Spark supports almost all Java 8 features and has an expressive API.
MyBatis framework for mapping between Java applications and SQL databases. Typically, to connect an application to a relational database, the Java Database Connectivity API is required. It allows developers to perform large SQL operations in a few lines of code.
MyBatis is compared to the Hibernate framework, since both are intermediaries between the application and the database. The only difference is that MyBatis does not mapping Java objects into a relational database.
10. Play Framework
Play is another lightweight Java framework that has won the favor of most developers. It provides an interface through which you can implement changes to the code without having to redeploy or re-compile it.
The framework has asynchronous APIs that allow developers to scale applications without additional resources. Play perfectly supports various microservice patterns.