The Best Linux Distros 2019
The 2019 year has recently come and even though the beginning of the year was not so good for Linux and the general computer sphere due to the vulnerabilities of Meltdown and Spectre, the previous years brought a large number of improvements to the world of Linux and free software. Thus, new distros appeared, becoming more stable. A milestone event for Ubuntu was the Unity development cancellation and the return to Gnome IDE by default. The popularity of distros changed a bit.
So, what is the best Linux distro 2019? What to use to solve the daily tasks, deal with servers and perform experiments with the system. In this article, I have collected the best Linux distros 2019 to my mind. When preparing this list, I used the distrowatch resource in order to approximately evaluate the popularity of one or another distro.
Table of contents
What to pay attention to
The best Linux distros 2019
Ubuntu – the best distro for home
Linux Mint – the best distro for beginners.
Elementary OS – the most attractive distro
CentOS – the best distro for the server
Debian is the most stable distro.
Lubuntu – the best lightweight distro.
Gentoo – the best distro for learning.
Manjaro – a gaining popularity distro.
What to pay attention to?
Actually, all the distros are created based on the similar Linux core and the same applications, which are shared via a free license. They are very common but have many differences at the same time. Here are the main parameters important while choosing a distro, to my mind:
Stability. An operating system is only a tool which should work well at any time. If the system often survives many breaks, lugs, then you should change it for another one.
Application accessibility. The operating system provides only a shell. In regulation, we need to deal with applications, it is necessary that the system has all the necessary programs available and in general, the more programs in the repositories the better.
Simplicity in use. The operating system should be pretty easy and should not require extensive knowledge from the user to start working with it.
Here are the main criteria. Now, let’s turn to the list of best Linux distros 2019.
THE BEST LINUX DISTROS 2019
All the distros are divided by different criteria in order to better navigate in them. Let’ begin with the next Linux distro for home usage.
1. UBUNTU – THE BEST DISTRO FOR HOME
Ubuntu is of the main Linux distros. It is developed by Canonical company based o Debian. The versions with long term support are very stable and constantly receive updates. Considering the versions with short period support, they are also quite stable if you do not rush to install the distro in the first weeks after the release and wait for bug fixes.
The software is also quite good here, exclusive of the fact that there is a huge deb packages base from Debian, a lot of PPA repositories, where developers constantly publish new versions. By default, it uses Gnome shell, which is pretty simple and does not require additional setup. At the moment of writing the article, I am using Ubuntu on my PC. To my mind, it is the best Linux 2019 distro for home. Why not Mint? The matter is that Mint is based on Ubuntu and does not provide something special that cannot be added by an experienced user to Ubuntu, for example.
2. LINUX MINT – THE BEST DISTRO FOR BEGINNERS
For the past 2017, Linux Mint gained even more popularity among the beginners. It is based on Ubuntu and is developed by an independent team of developers. The operating system includes the majority of Ubuntu advantages and features in term of a large number of packages and PPA repositories. It is applicable to use Ubuntu instructions for it and the operating system is pretty stable.
Moreover, Linux Mint is provided with its own Cinnamon environment, which is quite similar to Gnome. Here you can find the main menu, a bottom panel with windows and trays, also you can add widgets to your desktop and create shortcuts, it all works without additional setup. Another advantage of Mint for beginners is that many proprietary drivers are provided in the system by default and do not require an extra adjustment.
3. ELEMENTARY OS – THE MOST ATTRACTIVE DISTRO
Elementary OS is also based on Ubuntu with its own Phanteon desktop environment which is quite similar to MacOS X. This environment is based on Gnome 3. However, it has already all the required settings, transparency, the windows look, application launcher. Honestly, it is said that Elementary does not provide perfect stability, but it is another question. .
4. CENTOS – BEST DISTRO FOR SERVER
Servers are the base of the proper Internet functioning. The operating system should be stable and secure enough. It should include the latest software and updates timely. CentOS is developed by the community based on the commercial Red Hat Enterprise Linux distro. In fact, they just build the distro from source and delete the branding.
CentOS is pretty stable and contains a sufficient amount of applications for servers. Also, it has numerous Fedora repositories that you can use in order to get the latest application versions. For many server applications, developers specially create repositories, analogues of PPA for Ubuntu. To my mind, the main CentOS server advantage is the updates, The system has automatically updated to 7.2, then to 7.2, and now to 7.4. Thus, we can state that it is the analogue of rolling releases in terms of the 7th version. You immediately get new software and security fixes. In Ubuntu, everything is quite different. In case you install not an LTS version, the support will terminate in 9 months and you will not be able to get the updated anymore.
5. DEBIAN – THE MOST STABLE DISTRO
The most stable distro is Debian. Its official repositories include old application versions that were well tested and all the bugs were long now fixed. Here is the only obvious drawback – you cannot use many PPA due to the fact that they require new package versions and you won’t be able to get many new applications’ versions. On the flipside, Debian 9 release was not so far, so now there are not so many fusty applications in repositories.
6. LUBUNTU – THE BEST LIGHTWEIGHT DISTRO
The lightweight distros task is to give life and refresh old hardware. However, this does not mean that such distributions should be used only on old hardware. If the system performance is crucial for you, you can choose a lightweight distro for the modern computer.
The best lightweight distro is Lubuntu, you just need to figure out how to work with it, its functionality is not as trimmed as PuppyLinux or TinyCore, and it is part of the Ubuntu family of distributions. But, nevertheless, the hardware requirements of the system are quite moderate. You will only need a Pentium 4 or AMD K8 processor, only 512 megabytes is enough for RAM while using a browser it is better to have 1 GB for more stable operation. The distribution uses the LXDE environment.
7. GENTOO – THE BEST DISTRO FOR LEARNING
In case you want to master the process of Linux installation, the processes that take place during this process, what does software bundle stand for and so on – you can try to install Gentoo. Surely, the first place is taken by LFS, and Gentoo is going after it. However, LFS is not a distro, but just a project, which allows you to build your own distro. In turn, Gentoo provides many ready-made components, but you will need to master many things, install this distro and adjust it.
8. MANJARO – A GAINING POPULARITY DISTRO
For the last year, according to Distrowatch, Manjaro has gained a large amount of popularity. This distro is based on ArchLinux, but apart from its parent, it provides you with an attractive graphics installer. After the installation process, you will get a fully-functional operating system ready for working with a desktop environment.
Furthermore, all the updates that lead you to the Manjaro repositories are accurately tested and checked, thus, you avoid the problems of frequent system crashes connected with the updates. For the application installation, it still uses Pacman, but it now provides an attractive user interface. Manjaro perfectly overcomes the task to transform Archlinux distro for geeks into the distro for ordinary users. For many users, Manjaro refers to the best Linux distro in 2019.
In this article, we have collected the best Linux distros 2019 that can be installed on your computer and be immediately used. And what distros do you use? What do you consider the best ones?