How to Become a Developer From Scratch

Crysis makes many people change their place of work or even completely change the speciality. This way, you need to learn new skills and professions. A perfect choice, in this case, will be a software engineer position. It is interesting, comfortable and profitable. In this article, we will try to answer the question of how to build up the programmer career from scratch.  


You need to begin your professional way from answering the question “Do I need programming”? It is not connected with those people who have learned the programming-like specialities. In case you were better at Math than in literature, or you really love spending much time in front of a computer, then programming will be a good option for you. 

Where to start 

There are a few situations through which a person can become a software engineer. The first is parents-developers who have shown their kids everything. So kids don’t have to go to college. The second choice is a stylish software engineer calling. After school, it was important to pick where to go to ponder, and picked its trendy bearing, appeared to be loved. What’s more, the last choice is a leisure activity that has turned into work. 


In case nothing mentioned above happened to you, you can choose from the following four options: 


  • Self-study. This choice can be utilized both autonomously and together with different techniques. The Internet is loaded with sites, books and applications that help to learn different programming dialects ​​and advancements. Be that as it may, this is the hardest path for tenderfoots. 


  • College. On the off chance that you move on from school and need to be a software engineer, at that point go to the college. Notwithstanding learning, at that point behind the hull. It can fill in as a little something extra when applying for an occupation. Albeit some information you likewise get. In any case, remember to take part in self-ponder. The decision of the college ought to be moved toward in all respects dependably. Cautiously examine the preparation programs and pick the best-specialized colleges. 


  • Mentor. It will be exceptionally decent on the off chance that you discover an individual who consents to support you and guides you the correct way. He will disclose to you the correct books and assets, check your code, give helpful hints. Coincidentally, we have officially expounded on a valuable asset where you can discover a coach. You can scan for a tutor among natural software engineers, at IT-gatherings and meetings, on online discussions, etc. 


  • Specific practical courses. Take a stab at looking in your city for courses where you will be shown some programming language or innovation.

What language, innovation and direction to pick 

When you become a software engineer, in a year or two you will be allowed to pick any language you like. In any case, when picking a first programming language, an apprentice ought to think about the accompanying criteria: 


  • Existence of vacancies in the market. The ultimate goal of this path is to find a job as a programmer. And it will be difficult to do if no one in the job market is looking for developers in your programming language. Check out job sites, see who is looking for more, write out a dozen languages. And go to the next criterion.


  • Low learning curve.f you have to spend a long time learning a language, it may discourage you from programming all together. Read about the languages ​​you chose above. Review the literature that you will need to read to learn these languages. And select those that are written about that they are light, or that you thought were light. Such languages ​​can be PHP, Ruby, Python.


  • Buzz from the procedure. If you don’t like to write code in your chosen language, you will not enjoy this process, work, or life. And you need it? Make the right choice.


You will likewise need to settle on the programming direction. Versatile, work area, diversions, web, low-level programming, etc. The most prevalent and moderately light ventures are web, versatile and work area customers. Under every course, one language can fit and different does not fit by any stretch of the imagination. That is, when picking a programming language, it is likewise worth beginning from this factor. 


Regardless, learn web development. This is an HTML markup language, CSS and JavaScript that will make your page dynamic. In the following stage, gain proficiency with the server language (Python, PHP, Ruby, and others) and the suitable web frameworks for it. Learn the database: almost every vacancy requires the knowledge of such databases like MySQL, PostgreSQL and so on. 

How to get the formative experience

Without experience, you won’t find a new job. Without work, you won’t get understanding. The endless loop of reality. In any case, don’t stress, we have a solution for you. 


Firstly, you ought not hold up until you read every one of the books on the chose programming language. Begin composing your first lines of code after the second section of the book. Do every one of the undertakings from the books, republish the models, get them. Convolute models and assignments from books with your thoughts. Make your undertakings to the material passed. Take care of these issues.


Secondly, you need to find your first projects. This is probably the most difficult option, but working. You will have to look for orders yourself, execute them, bother with payment. For a newbie, this is a daunting one, but then all the other options will appear like a large deal. Completed projects can be recorded in the experience and show your future employer. Actual projects are a large plus in your resume.


If you know English, register better at the English-language exchanges. The market there is more. If you do not know English, learn it. In the meantime, Russian-language freelance exchanges are available to you. Look for small projects that match your level of knowledge or slightly above it. Apply for a couple of dozen such tasks. And get ready to get a lot of bounce. But if one or two applications are fired, you will have a chance to get real experience.


Another good option for getting real experience is open source. Such projects always need new people, even beginners. You can search for bugs in the project or look at the bug tracker and suggest methods for solving them. Find such projects easily on GitHub or other services for hosting code. Feel free to ask questions there.


The fourth option to gain experience – help familiar programmers. Ask them to give you small and simple tasks. If something does not work, you will always have someone to turn to. And at the same time, you will participate in a real project.


The final way is your own projects, various hackathons or coworking. It’s difficult to get started on your own projects; it’s better to look for friends or friends.

Why choose Python

Let’s talk a bit more about choosing the first programming language. The first language should be simple and popular on the market. That will language is Python. I actually strongly advise choosing it as the first programming language.


Python program code is readable. You do not even need to be a programmer to be able to understand generally what is happening in the program. Because of the simple Python syntax, you will need less time to create a program than, for example, using Java. A huge database of libraries, which will save you a lot of energy, nerves and time. Python is a high-level language. So, you no longer need to think too much about the memory cells and what to place there. Python is a general purpose language. And it is so simple that even children can learn it.


It is only fair to say that other programming languages are worth mentioning, too. Java can be a good choice for a newbie. This language is more popular than Python, but also a little more complicated. However, the tools for development are much better designed. Just compare Eclipse and IDLE. After Java, it will be easier to work with low-level programming languages.


PHP is another very popular language. And it seems to me that it is even easier than Python. It is very easy to find yourself a mentor or a solution to any problems on the forum. That’s because in the world a few huge number of PHP-programmers at various levels. In PHP there is no normal import, there are many solutions to the same problem. And this complicates learning. And PHP is sharpened exclusively for the web.


The C and C# languages are very difficult for a beginner. Ruby is a great choice as a second language, but not the first. JavaScript is a very simple language, but it doesn’t teach you anything good. Moreover, the task of the first programming language is still to teach you something right, to ask some logic.

Does English Matter?

It is important! Do not know? Learn. Do you know? Improve. Learn to read, write, listen and speak English. Focus on technical literature. Listen to English-speaking podcasts. Go through English programming tutorials.

What you need to know, exclusive of the programming language

Of course, aside from the development of language and English, you need to know something else. But what – is determined by the direction that you choose. A web programmer must know HTML, CSS, JavaScript. A desktop developer also learns the working system API and various frameworks. A mobile program developer learns Android, iOS or Windows Phone frameworks.


Everyone needs to learn algorithms. Try to take a course on Coursera or find an ideal book on algorithms. Alongside, you need to know one of the databases, programming patterns, data structures. It is also worth knowing the code repositories. At least one. The knowledge of version control systems is also required. Choose Git, it’s the most popular one. You need to know the tools you work with, the operating system, and the development environment. Finally, the key skill of a developer is to be able to google. Without this skill, you will face much more difficulties along your programming path.



You need to prepare a high-quality CV. Do not specify extra info, but there is also no reason to skip your abilities as well. Once invited to the interview, you need to be prepared for this meeting. Go through the material mentioned in your CV, as you need to be confident and sure of your knowledge. Take a look at the projects you have worked on, recall technologies you have used. Finally, go ahead to the promising future with the upcoming developer position.


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